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Federalism system promotes positive political stability, peaceful participation, economy prosperity and renders the desired outcome to Somali people

Somalia is recovering from prolonged period of civil war and emerged out of it with a clan-based power sharing system and Federalism system is the only system that establishes trust between Somali people regardless the origin. The chaos, the civil wars, the conflicts, the mistrust that existed between Somali people over a quarter century has generated the need to form federalism system in Somalia and as a result, Somali people do not need strong central government that imposed many aspects of citizens’ lives and controls the economy.

Federalism is the sole system that develops collective peace, security and economy prosperity to Somali people and only system that establishes trust between Somali people regardless the origin. It is form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided usually by means of a constitution between a central authority and a number of constituent states. Each regional government retains the management of their internal affairs that possibly differs from the central government.

It is a system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central government and regional governments. It is a system that compromise between the central government and the regional government. The power rests in the body of citizens; the power is retained by the people. Federalism has the asset of retaining local pride, traditions and power, while allowing a central government to handle the common problems. It is power sharing agreement between central government and the regional government.

Federal, sovereign and democratic is Somalia defining characteristics, according to Article 1 of the 2012 provisional constitution. Article 54 states of Somali constitution states the allocation of powers and resources shall be negotiated and agreed upon by the Federal Government and the Federal Member States” pending their creation, except in the areas of foreign affairs, national defence, citizenship and immigration, and monetary policy, which are all under the purview of the central government, based in the capital, Mogadishu.

Those that describe Somali federalism as foreign initiative are those that prefers strong central that retain all sort of power in their hands in Mogadishu are not realistic. Federalism breaks up power among the regional governments and consequently reduced the concentration of power on central hands as result federalism is the best form administration that we can implement Somalia at present.

In view of above, federalism is the only means to establish Somali state-building process beyond the Somali capital of Mogadishu down to regional governments Puntland, Jubaland, South West State, Galmudug and Hirshabelle. Puntland which is a semi-autonomous entity since 1998 is the source of Somalia Federalism. Federalism promotes positive political stability in general and in democracies.

Federalism has been widely employed in order to satisfy and accommodate the interests of different groups and to enhance co-existence among various groups of people. Federalism increases the probability of democratic survival, enhances the political stability through peaceful participation and renders the desired outcome to the societies that they promote and exist within. Federalism is the mixed mode of government that combines the central ‘federal’ government with regional governments in a single political system. The bottom line is, Somalia is at a turning point in its modern history.

Ismail Lugweyne

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